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Directory Of Year 1958, Issue 1
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Current Location:English » 19581 » SINO-KOREAN JOINT STATEMENT
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SINO-KOREAN JOINT STATEMENT

Year:1958 Issue:1

Column: Documents

Author:

Release Date:1958-03-04

Page: 21-23

Full Text:  

The following is the full text of the joint statement of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea signed by Premier Chou En-lai and Premier Kim Il Sung in Pyongyang on February 19, 1958.

The Government Delegation of the People's Republic of China led by Chou En-lai, Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, is paying a friendly visit to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from February 14 to 21, 1958 at the invitation of the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

The Government Delegation of the People's Republic of China toured Pyongyang, Hamheung, Heungnam, Wonsan and other cities, and visited factories, an agricultural co-operative, and cultural and educational establishments.

During its friendly visit in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the Government Delegation of the People's Republic of China was accorded a hearty welcome and warm reception by the Korean people and Government.

During the visit, talks were held between the Government Delegations of the People's Republic of China and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Taking part in the talks on the side of the People's Republic of China were Chou En-lai, Premier of the State Council; Chen Yi, Vice-Premier of the State Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs; Chang Wen-tien, Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs; Su Yu, Chief of General Staff of the Chinese People's Liberation Army; and Chiao Hsiao-kuang, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People's Republic of China to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

Taking part in the talks on the side of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea were Kim Il Sung, Premier of the Cabinet; Kim Il, Vice-Premier of the Cabinet; Nam Il, Vice-Premier of the Cabinet and Minister of Foreign Affairs; Kim Kwang Hyup, Minister of National Defence; and Li Young Ho, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea to the People's Republic of China.

The talks proceeded throughout in an atmosphere of cordiality and friendship.

In the course of the talks views were exchanged on the expansion and development of friendly relations between the two countries, the strengthening of the friendship and solidarity between the socialist countries, the present international situation and the peaceful settlement of the Korean question.

The two government delegations reached fully identical views on the above-mentioned questions.

In the talks, the two parties pointed out unanimously that the all-round friendly relations being strengthened and developed between the People's Republic of China and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea fully conform with the interests of the peoples of the two countries and have a significant bearing on the safeguarding of peace in the Far East and the world. The two peoples had undertaken protracted joint struggles against aggression, through which, and particularly through the struggle against the aggression of U.S. imperialism, their traditional friendship was cemented and developed with the blood of their best sons and daughters. In order to promote their respective socialist constructions, the two countries have developed an extensive co-operation in the economic, cultural, scientific, technical and other fields, and given each other brotherly assistance. In international affairs, they have also closely co-operated with and supported each other. This friendly co-operation between the two countries not only accords with the five principles of peaceful co-existence but is based on the Marxist-Leninist principles of national equality and proletarian internationalism. Both parties affirmed their determination to continue to exert all their efforts to develop and strengthen this great and unbreakable friendly co-operation.

The Government Delegation of the People's Republic of China noted with satisfaction and admiration the great achievements in post-war economic rehabilitation and socialist construction made by the Korean people who, rallying round the Korean Workers' Party and the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, have displayed a high degree of patriotic labour enthusiasm. During the talks, the two parties also exchanged information concerning their socialist construction work, and warmly congratulated each other on their achievements. Both parties believed that these achievements not only strengthened the material foundation of socialism in their respective countries, but also constituted a major contribution to the common cause of the socialist camp headed by the Soviet Union.

Both parties pointed out that, as the forces of socialism have surpassed those of imperialism, and the forces of peace those of war, a new turn has taken place in the international situation definitely in favour of the cause of peace, democracy and socialism.

Both parties pointed out with satisfaction that tremendous achievements have been gained by the socialist countries in building socialism and communism, and that the Soviet Union, in particular, is now in the forefront of the world in certain important fields of science and technology. In November 1957, representatives of Communist and Workers' Parties met in Moscow and issued two declarations of great historic significance, ushering in a new stage in the solidarity of the socialist countries and that of the international communist movement. Both parties stressed that solidarity of the socialist countries loyal to proletarian internationalism and Marxism-Leninism is an important guarantee of the national independence and construction of the socialist countries, as well as of world peace and the progress of mankind. Both parties pledged that they will, as they did in the past, exert unswerving efforts to increase the strength and solidarity of the socialist camp headed by the Soviet Union.

Both parties reaffirmed that the foreign policy of peace consistently pursued by them and the other socialist countries is designed to bring about relaxation in the international situation and peaceful co-existence among nations with different social systems. A concrete expression of this foreign policy of peace is the recent proposals of the Government of the Soviet Union for a summit East-West conference, immediate cessation of atomic and hydrogen weapons tests, prohibition of the use of atomic and hydrogen weapons, a non-aggression agreement between parties to the Warsaw Treaty and those to the North Atlantic Treaty, and for ensuring the independence and peace of the countries in the Near and Middle East, etc. Both parties expressed full support for these proposals of the Government of the Soviet Union. At the same time, both parties expressed active support for the proposal put forward by the Polish Government for the establishment of a zone free of atomic armaments in central Europe. They agreed that the German Democratic Republic's consistent opposition to the revival of militarism in West Germany is an important contribution to the peace and security of Europe. They expressed full support for the position of the German Democratic Republic that the two Germanys seek a peaceful unification of Germany through negotiation on an equal footing.

Both parties unanimously praised the faithful implementation of the Geneva Agreements by the Democratic Republic of Viet-nam and gave full support to the Democratic Republic of Viet-nam in its untiring efforts to bring about the peaceful unification of Viet-nam.

Both parties pointed out that a main characteristic of our age is the high upsurge of national independence movements. They expressed firm support for the Indonesian people, the Arab peoples and other Asian and African peoples in their struggles against colonialism and for winning and safeguarding national independence, and considered these just struggles as being at the same time struggles in defence of peace. Both parties warmly hailed the increasingly important role played by the Asian and African nationalist countries in international affairs, as well as the development of peaceful and friendly co-operation between them and the socialist countries on the basis of equality. The recent Asian-African Peoples' Solidarity Conference played a great role in strengthening and furthering the unity of the Asian and African peoples in their struggles against imperialism and colonialism. Both parties expressed agreement with India's propositions against the establishment of guided missiles bases in Europe and Asia and for the establishment and expansion of an area of peace free of weapons of mass destruction. Both parties were glad to see the world peace movement forging ahead in full swing and becoming more and more a people's movement in all countries.

The two parties could not but note with regret that the Japanese Government still pursued an unfriendly policy towards China and Korea in spite of the Japanese people's growing demand for strengthening solidarity with other Asian and African countries and establishing and developing friendly relations with China and Korea.

The two parties unanimously condemned the rigid policy of the U.S. aggressive circles and their followers of carrying on arms expansion and war preparations, rejecting peaceful negotiation and aggravating international tension. They particularly condemned the United States for its continued occupation of China's territory of Taiwan and its scheme to actively create "two Chinas," and for its introducing of atomic weapons into South Korea in violation of the Korean Armistice Agreement in an attempt to turn South Korea into a U.S. atomic base. Both parties pointed out that the policy of the United States Government of relying on so-called "strength" did not succeed in the past, and that today when its "strength" has gone bankrupt, continuation of this policy will fare no better. Both parties stressed that with the forces in defence of peace growing stronger than ever, so long as all peace-loving countries and peoples strengthen their confidence, keep up vigilance and carry on unremitting struggle, war can be prevented and peace can be safeguarded.

During the talks, the two parties exchanged views especially on the withdrawal of all foreign troops from both North and South Korea and on the peaceful settlement of the Korean question. They agreed that the proposals made in the statement of the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea of February 5, 1958 not only represent the national aspiration of the Korean people for the peaceful unification of their motherland, but are also timely and realistic proposals in the present international situation. In line with its consistent stand of actively promoting the peaceful settlement of the Korean question, the Chinese Government in a statement issued on February 7, 1958 expressed full support for the Korean Government's proposals and now, in addition, after consultations with the Korean Government, has proposed to the Chinese People's Volunteers that they take the initiative in withdrawing from Korea. The Chinese People's Volunteers have fully concurred in this proposal of the Chinese Government and have decided to withdraw completely from Korea by stages and to complete the withdrawal before the end of 1958. The first stage of the withdrawal will be completed before April 30, 1958. The Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea has agreed to this decision of the Chinese People's Volunteers and is willing to assist in their complete withdrawal.

The two parties pointed out that the initiative in withdrawing all Chinese People's Volunteers from Korea is yet another proof of the sincere desire of the Korean and Chinese side for the peaceful settlement of the Korean question and relaxation of tension in the Far East. Now is a time when the United States and the other countries participating in the United Nations forces are faced with a serious test. If they have any sincerity for the peaceful settlement of the Korean question, they should likewise withdraw all their forces from Korea. Otherwise, the whole world will see even more clearly that it is they who have all along been obstructing the peaceful unification of Korea. Should the United States Government and the Syngman Rhee clique in South Korea go so far as to interpret this initiative of the Korean and Chinese side as a sign of weakness and think that it is a chance to take advantage of, they will certainly meet with unthinkable consequences. The people of the whole world are now even more determined not to allow the imperialists to start a new war. The Korean people's power to resist aggression is also stronger than ever before. The Chinese and Korean peoples have common vital interests. The Chinese people did not supinely tolerate any imperialist aggression on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, nor will they ever do so in the future.

In the talks, the Korean Government Delegation expressed once more heartfelt thanks to the Chinese people for the material and moral assistance given to the Korean people during and after the war and for dispatching their best sons and daughters to Korea to support with their own blood the Korean people's just Fatherland Liberation War. The Chinese People's Volunteers, after defeating the U.S. imperialist aggression in Korea together with the Korean People's Army, have in the post-war period continued to guard the peace front and actively helped in the peaceful construction of Korea; the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the Korean people, cherishing brotherly sentiments and profound friendship for the Chinese People's Volunteers, praise highly and will always remember their immortal deeds. The Chinese Government Delegation considers that the Korean people, by defeating the armed aggression of the U.S. imperialists, have made an extremely important contribution to the safeguarding of peace in the Far East and the world, and that it was not only for the purpose of saving their homes and defending their country, but also to fulfil an internationalist obligation due to the Korean people that the Chinese people resisted American aggression and aided Korea. The Chinese Government Delegation expressed deep gratitude to the Korean Government and people for the support and concern they have accorded the Chinese People's Volunteers in the past seven years and more.

Both parties expressed thanks to. the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission for its great efforts and good role in supervising and stabilizing the Korean armistice under various difficult conditions. They held that all parties concerned are still under the obligation to give all possible assistance to the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission in its continued performance of functions as provided for in the Korean Armistice Agreement.

Both parties are deeply convinced that the visit to Korea by the Government Delegation of the People's Republic of China and the talks between the two government delegations not only have strengthened the friendship and solidarity of the two countries, but also will further consolidate and develop their relations of mutual help and co-operation.

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